Digitalization and visualization of the most important museum collections of traditional costumes and jewelry by introducing the new 3D technology (VIRTUAL MUSEUM)

Project „Virtual Museum“originated at the National Museum in Nis, and it is further developed in cooperation with Regional Historic Museum in Pernik, Bulgaria. Co-funded from IPA Cross-Border Programme European funds, it completely supports general principle of cultural exchange and activities and events initiation with a goal to popularize cultural heritage. Project is driven by many initiatives that improve cultural links in Cross-border region of two states.

One of the project objectives is Cross-border cooperation promotion regarding cultural heritage preservance and its presentation using 3D technologies, with handling support activities in form of various events – exhibitions, seminars, workshops and the symposium. Joint operational goals are fulfilled by recording of partner museum’s items of cultural heritage, by defining of similarities and differences between material types, techniques and decoration types in national costumes and jewellery of the region, implementing new 3D technologies (3D scanning and presentation of recorded items) and by designing a website as a joint virtual museum.

Within the project, an international symposium was organized with the theme of costume jewellery in the Cross-border areas of Bulgaria and Serbia. In addition to experts in museology from entire Cross-border region, the symposium was attended by experts in the field of 3D technology that in their works have presented the methodology, advantages and features of this type of case processing.

The project strategy is based on the definition of the most important museums of content from the ethnological collections of both museums, a selection of representative items of folk costumes and jewellery that are using modern technology and 3D laser processing represented in a common virtual museum. Museum experts suggest that urgent digitalization of museum funds need to confront to the process of deterioration of museum objects. By creating a virtual museum working with 3D objects will eliminate the risk of damage to health and provides broad access to sensitive files (that require strict controlled conditions, such as temperature and relative humidity). In this way, this prevents high cost during shipping and insurance obligations of museum objects, and processed items in the virtual museum will become available and visible to a wide audience.